Bilateral Relations

Historical Ties

Indian-Mexican relations have consistently been friendly, warm and cordial, characterized by a mutual understanding, upward bilateral trade and all-round cooperation. Antipodes as they are on the globe, the two countries have striking similarities and commonalities in terms of geography, history, physiognomy, culture, and civilization, and even of attitudes, mindsets, and social values.

Both countries have large, emerging economies, with similar socioeconomic development priorities and constraints, and have democratic, secular, and pluralistic political Systems, as well as convergent worldviews. Both are at somewhat comparable levels of economic and technological development, and both are members of the very important G-20 organization of the world’s largest advanced and emerging economies.

Among common Mexicans, there is wide general awareness, high interest and regard for Indian culture, social values and her pluralistic democracy. Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, Tagore, and Mother Teresa are widely admired. Gandhiji’s statues and busts adorn

four major Mexican cities: roads and several schools are also named after him. The writings of Nobel-laureate and Indophile Octavio Paz, who was Mexican Ambassador to India in the sixties, on his long experiences in India have had a profound impact in Mexico.

India and Mexico have signed the following bilateral accords and memorandums:

• Cultural Agreement (1975)

• Agreement for Cooperation in Science & Technology (1975)

• Cultural Exchange Program (2005)

• Educational Exchange Program, (2005)

• Agreement on Visa Exemption on Diplomatic & Official Passports (2005)

• Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in SMEs (2006)

• Extradition Treaty (2007)

• Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty in Criminal Matters (2007)

• Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (2007)

Political Ties

Impelled by their commonalities, convergence of worldviews and an issues-free relationship, India and Mexico have collaborated closely in international forums on many major global issues, such as nuclear disarmament, climate change, trade, and global economic architecture.

India and Mexico elevated their ties to that of a “privileged partnership” during the 2007 state visit to India by then Mexican President Felipe Calderón; and have continued to strengthen the political ties through high level dialogues and during the G20 in 2020.


1. Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs Julián Ventura visited India and held meetings in the Ministry of External Affairs, one of which was with Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar to reaffirm Mexico's interest in significantly strengthening the bilateral relationship.

2. The first Mexico - India Dialogue on Innovation and Social Development,was held at the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi.

The dialogue was co-chaired by the Economy Ministry’s head of Global Economic Intelligence, Sergio Silva Castañeda. Also taking part were Javier López Casarín, president of the Technical, Academic and Scientific Council of the Council of the Mexican Agency for International Development Cooperation (AMEXCID) Key actors from the business, scientific, technological, social and government sectors of both countries discussed their experiences and made recommendations to both governments on strengthening collaboration and developing innovation ecosystems with authentic social content.

3. India´s External Affairs Minister, H.E. Dr. S Jaishankar,and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico, H.E. Marcelo Ebrard discussed the importance of cooperating in the pharmaceutical sector.


1. India and Mexico have agreed to expand and diversify bilateral trade ties and tap the potential of the synergies between the two nations through enhanced cooperation in the pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, healthcare, agro-products, fisheries, food processing and aerospace industry etc.

The meeting was co-chaired by the Commerce Secretary of the Government of India, Dr Anup Wadhwan and the Vice Minister for Foreign Trade of the Government of Mexico, Dr, Luz Maria de la Mora, and Ministers from both countries,

2.India and Mexico on October 29, 2020, held their 8th Joint Commission Meeting virtually and reviewed the bilateral cooperation in several areas including agriculture, trade, investment, education, and health.

The meeting between the two nations was co-chaired by the External Affairs Minister, Dr. S Jaishankar, and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico, H.E. Marcelo Ebrard.


1. Upon the invitation of Mexico, External Affairs Minister Dr S. Jaishankar visited the country and reviewed political cooperation, trade, and investment, pharmaceutical, space and scientific potential, cultural exchanges, and consular issues with Foreign Affairs Minister of Mexico Marcelo Ebrard. EAM S Jaishankar along with Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador held an open conversation on our governance priorities and practices. Great scope for exchange of experiences & best practices.


Flex Films
Zydus Pharmaceuticals, Mexico
Dr. Reddy's
Tech Mahindra
Zeux Life Sciences
micro mx
Rodriguez Rueda
TCS TATA Consultancy Services
Accord Farma
Fenix Servicios Aduanales